“Baseball is the very symbol of the outward and visible expression of the drive
and push of the raging, tearing, booming 19th Century.” - Mark Twain
Runs (21 aces = win before innings introduced in 1857)
Base ball player
No scoring, a shut out, a “white wash”
An ungentlemenly maneuver during the game
The area a pitcher throws from, instead of a mound
A base ball fan (women were called “crankettes”)
The pitcher, pre-1880s, when pitching underhanded
A ball caught on one bounce was an out in pre-1870 era
Enthusiastic play, show of hustle
An out; three hands down or three hands dead = an inning
Cheating; also associated with players involved in gambling
Proper name for a pitcher
Later became "hurrah!"; the proper cheer for a good play
Enthusiastic but unskilled players
STRIKER TO THE LINE!!
Score or run
Base man, defensively (second tender = second baseman)
Some of the basic rules to take note of when joining the cranks at an 1886 Vintage Base Ball Game:
The infield is 90 feet square (same as today). The pitcher's box is 6 feet by 4 feet, the start of which is only 50 feet from the center
of home base (modern rules the distance is 60 feet, six inches).
(One) umpire is the sole judge of play and is entitled to the respect of ballists and cranks. Any person insulting the umpire shall
be promptly ejected.
Fake throws and quick pitches are permitted. The hurler must start and finish each pitch while entirely in the box. If this rule is
violated twice in one at-bat, the batter is awarded first base.
Foul balls are not counted as strikes. A hit batsman is not awarded a base, just a ball. If the ball hits the batsman or bat, the ball
is dead and called a ball.
Any foul tip caught by the behind is an out, regardless of the count.
7 balls = walk. 3 strikes = out.
A dropped third strike is a live ball and in force situations the runners must advance (unless the catcher tags the batter). There is
no infield fly rule.
There are no check swings. Any shoulder movement or slight intent to swing can be called a strike.
The strike zone will be determined after the umpire calls "striker to the line" and asks if the batter prefers a low ball (belt to
knee) or high ball (belt to underarm) strike zone. The strike zone will remain until the at-bat is completed.